Biblical Allusions in The Lord Of Flies

In the novel “Lord of the flies,” what immediately comes out is that there is nothing unintentional. Through his wise choice of words, William Golding, the author of the novel is precisely able to portray every object in his novel and brilliantly describes every single detail. In a fairly short novel, Golding manages to convince his readers that the world he has created actually exists.

Golding uses Biblical allusions to decorate his novel, and numerous critics have argued that the complete novel is an allegory of the Bible. In the initial chapter of the novel, the boys find themselves abandoned on an island which is depicted as the Garden of Eden. On the island, the boys are not afraid of any unknown outcome or rivalry between them to survive. The islands beauty is compromised as soon as the boys witness a snake-like creature, simply put, a Monster who is feared by everyone.

The fear of the unknown monster motivated the two boys to form separate factions and confront the monster that is created by themselves. Everything is brilliantly represented to make the reader think of one faction as good and the other faction as bad. Golding tries his best to represent the bad faction of children as more appealing. The bad faction has more water, food, and they appear to enjoy everything.

The title of the novel itself, “The Lord of the Flies” is recognizable as an allusion because the name of the title hints the devil in Christian faith. Moreover, there is also a character by the name of Simon who is an allusion to the Jesus Christ in the New Testament. In chapter four “Painted Faces and Long Hair”, Simon feeds fruit to his followers known as “littluns” in an identical manner Jesus Christ fed his followers.

Throughout the novel, the character of Simon is that of a thoughtful and withdrawn child who only wants the welfare of the children around him, even when the children mistreat him. In chapter eight, the allusion to Jesus Christ is made more apparent as Simon decides to sit alone in the jungle. At this instance, Simon is found sitting right in front of the severed boar’s head and he begins to think that the head is speaking with him.

The head, which initially appears to be patient to a child, starts taunting him. Referring Simon as the “silly little boy” and itself as “the Beast.” As the conversation moves on, the Beast becomes more frustrated with Simon as he sits their idol without replying anything back. Because Simon alludes as the Christ figure inside the novel, the Beast understands that the sooner Simon gives up, the sooner his intention of controlling the island will be fulfilled. The statement delivered by the Beast, “Fancy thinking the Beast was something you could hunt and kill,” makes it clear that he is the allegory of the Christian devil.

The Christians’ concept of Salvation is clearly defined when the flame is lit on the stairway located on top of the mountains. The boys lit up the flame in order to be rescued by a ship or a plane passing by. What really fascinates the reader in this novel is the Golding’s approach to making the allusions not look forceful to keep the reader-driven into the story of the novel.

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