Walden Literary Analysis.

Henry David Thoreau is well-known for his
philosophical reflections and transcendental conclusions which are better seen
in his famous book “Walden” which was written in Boston in 1854. He focused his
book on a way of life in simple living in natural surroundings. The writer
believed in the fact that such a way of life could lead to spiritual
independence and development, to new discoveries of an inner world of a man. Thoreau
had a strong inspiration for such thoughts already during his stay at his
friend’s place near Walden Pond and later he could not forget this experience
which made him write a book with the same name – “Walden”.

He felt a constant connection with nature, its
initial influence on any human being. He paid much attention to the observation of nature, symbolic meanings
of things, philosophical descriptions. It all influenced the language of his
books and especially “Walden” which is
full of metaphors and thoughtful sayings. The most famous quotations from
“Walden” very often contain metaphors which make us search for new meanings in
his profound phrases. Every Walden Literary Analysis is connected with its rich
metaphorical background showing the mysterious and simple beauty of this book.

Philosopher imagines our lives as four seasons of
nature and they are to symbolize human development. We begin our happy
childhood in the spring of life, then we blossom and cherish the sparkling
beauty of our summer period. Then we proceed to autumn, fruitful prosperous
season, and open ourselves to new horizons as parents of our own children. Then
we have to face winter with its white wisdom and inevitability, we watch the
fall of last leaves on trees of our lives and welcome new spring of our
grandchildren. It is a long natural circle of life. And only nature helps us to
understand the sense of its easy and meaningful flow of these seasons. Thoreau
tends to persuade people to accept life as it is and become happy. He wrote: “However
mean your life is, meet it and live it” and “Live in each season as it passes;
breathe the air, drink the drink, taste the fruit, and resign yourself to the
influence of the earth.”

The writer appreciates loneliness and finds that
a real solitude in nature is more pleasant then loneliness among companions if his
heart is not open to them. Escaping
society is equal to escaping gossips, unnecessary expensive things and empty
conversations which became descriptions of something wild to him. We can find
another quotation about it: ““Rather than love, than money, than fame, give me
truth.” His new society is an old settler and an old woman. They share
the benefits of nature and make him happy because he managed to find spiritual tranquility
there. This kind of spiritual treasure will never be understood by modern
society. He repeats in the book: “I love to be alone. I never found the
companion that was so companionable as solitude.”

We see what he wrote in “Walden”: “Books are the
treasured wealth of the world and the fit inheritance of generations and
nations.” We understand that he trusted his best thoughts to his books.
It is a kind of a real treasure of his life which is hidden there inside. A simplified lifestyle
became a basis for his living. Thoreau minimized
his consumer activity, he did not use any expensive things and had no “real
treasures” like precious stones, good
income or properties. His real treasure was different. There were many ponds near the place of his
house and he describes them as lovelier than diamonds. Another real treasure of
Thoreau is found again in his book.

Philosophical and transcendental sensations follow
the reader all the time and their profound meaning of life is felt in many
sentences. On the one hand, he speaks about reality and simplicity of life. On
the other hand, these words are not simple and we always see new layers of the sad
and eternal sense of life in every second phrase. “If you have built castles in
the air, your work need not be lost; that is where they should be. Now put the
foundations under them.” – he wrote in Walden. As if Thoreau tries to say
that many of our plans are
not so important as our spirit, nature, simple things is life. He said: “The
setting sun is reflected from the windows of the almshouse as brightly as from
the rich man’s abode”. He evidently wanted to show us again that sun is eternal
and it does not pay attention to unimportant things. This treasure is available
to everyone.

Henry David Thoreau’s world seems to be complicated
at first but the more we reflect on his metaphors the more we understand his
simple and eternal philosophy which becomes classics.

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