- Year Published: 1945.
- Pages: 112.
Animal Farm Summary
Orwell’s best piece of art i.e., the animal farm is a sardonic story on Manor Farm (an English farm). Throughout the fable, he uses a third person storyteller who describes the event with no comment directly on it. The narrator illustrates the events as the animals comprehend them.
The story, the animal farm, starts on that night when the former major, pig, calls all animals together at Manor Farm to describe a dream that he had. He had a vision of such a world which should be only for all animals where they could lead their lives liberally with no threat of humans. All the animals inspire from his philosophy i.e., animalism. After meeting, old major dies. Two pigs, Napoleon, and Snowball come to the front screen as important figures and chief planners. All the animal, inspired by old major’s philosophy determine to implement the animalism.
A chance comes on their lives to translate his major’s dream into reality when Jones overlooks to give food to the animals. The revolution crops up; Jones chased the farm off and Manor Farm converts into Animal farm. Seven edicts and commandments regarding animalism are highlighted on the wall.
Now, the rule of animals starts. They do work, complete harvest and meet to discuss farm policy on Sunday. The pigs, owning to intelligent, render the duty of the supervision of the farm. However, Napoleon proves as a power-hungry manager stealing milk and apples to feed. He also recruits Squealer’s service having the ability to influence and convince other animals since the pigs take their decision morally and correctly.
After a span of time, Jones come back to his farm to retake it; but owning to the strategies and diplomacy of Snowball, the animals conquer. Then, winter arrives. Snowball makes preparation for the windmill to provide electricity; Napoleon violently opposes this plan and is of the view that this plan will affect their food production. On Sunday, animals gather to vote for the windmill. Napoleon tricks cleverly summoning a pack of dogs and chased the Snowball off the farm. After this, Napoleon announces that Snowball stole his idea of building the windmill and he will, definitely, construct it. He tarnishes the image of the Snowball blaming him responsible for all the hardships.
Next year, animals start the project of constructing a windmill. Boxer, a strong horse, performs valuable services. Meanwhile, Jones leaving the farms moves to another part of the country. Napoleon goes against the doctrine of animalism and starts trading with other farms.
Napoleon becomes totalitarian; moves to Jones’ house. He forcefully rules the other animals and gives less food to eat. In August, the work of windmill project completes. Napoleon starts trading with Frederick by selling him timber. Getting the advantage of the situation, Frederick attacks, and blasts the windmill, but, eventually, Frederick defeats. After this, they revise and change the seven commandments written on the wall on their own will. They also decide to construct a new windmill. Boxer again helps a lot, but he collapses. Napoleon sells him to Knacker who admits him in the hospital where he dies peacefully.
Animal farm spreads out with time but the dream that an old major saw, could not come as true. All the animals are leading harsh life except pigs. Moreover, seven commandments are changed into a single law in which pigs are given more preference.
At the last scene, Napoleon quarrels with Pilkington while playing cards and common animals cannot distinct animals from humans. The novel ends when the Napoleon renamed the animal farm as Manor farm.
Animal Farm Themes
3. Man and Nature
4. Youth and Age
5. Christian Allegory
6. Resistance to Defeat
10. Memory and The Past